Viisauksia

INTIAANIVIISAUKSIA
JA SANONTOJA

”When temptation comes, I don’t say ”Yes” and I don’t say ”No”.
I say, ”Later”. I just keep walking the Red Road – down the middle.
When you’re in the middle, you don’t go to either extreme.
You allow both sides to exist!”

– Dr. A.C. Ross (Ehanamani), Lakota

…Great Spirit is heard in the twittering of birds, the rippling of mighty waters, and the sweet breathing of flowers. If this is Paganism, then at present, at least, I am a Pagan.

– ZITKALA-SA (GERTRUDE SIMMONS BONNIN OR RED BIRD), SIOUX AUTHOR AND ACTIVIST, 1876-1938

What is life? It is the flash of a firefly in the night. It is the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime. It is the little shadow which runs across the grass and loses itself in the sunset.

– CROWFOOT, BLACKFOOT WARRIOR AND ORATOR, 1826-1890

I love a people who have always made me welcome to the best they had… who are honest without laws, who have no jails and no poor-houses… who never take the name of God in vain… who worship God without a Bible, and I believe God loves them also… who are free from religious animosities… who have never raised a hand against me, or stolen my property, where there is no law to punish either… who never fought a battle with white men except on their own ground… and Oh, how I love a people who don’t live for the love of money!

– GEORGE CATLIN, AND AMERICAN NON-NATIVE ARTIST OF THE 1830S, SPEAKING ABOUT THE NATIVE PEOPLE HE HAD ENCOUNTERED

We never did the white man any harm; we don’t intend to… we are willing to be friends with the white man…

– HOTOAKHIHOOIS (TALL BULL), TO GENERAL WINFIELD SCOTT HANCOCK, MARCH 1867

Kindness is to use one’s will to guard one’s speech and conduct so as not to infure anyone.

– ORAL TRADITIONAL TEACHING OF THE OMAHA

The earth has received the embrace of the sun and we shall see the results of that love.

– HUNKESNI (SITTING BULL), HUNKPAPA SIOUX, 1831-1890

Often in the stillness of the night when all nature seems asleep about me there comes a gentle rapping at the door of my heart. I open it and a voice inquires, ”Pokagon, what of your people? What will their future be?” My answer is: ”Mortal man has not the power to draw aside the veil of unborn time to tell future of his race. That gift belongs of the Divine alone. But it is given to him to closely judge the future by the present, and the past.”

– SIMON POKAGON, POTAWATOMI, 1830-1899

Everything on the earth has a purpose, every disease an herb to cure it, and every person a mission. This is the Indian theory of existence.

– MOURNING DOVE, SALISH, 1888-1936

It is well to be good to women in the strength of our menhood because we must sit under their hands at both ends of our lives.

– HE DOG, OGLALA SIOUX

Civilization has been thrust upon me… and it has not added one whit to my love for truth, honesty, and generosity.

– LUTHER STANDING BEAR, OGLALA SIOUX, 1868-1937

The Great Spirit is in all things, he is in the air we breathe. The Great Spirit is our Father, but the Earth is our Mother. She nourishes us, that which we put into the ground she returns to us…

– BEDAGI (BIG THUNDER), WABANAKÍ ALGONQUIN, 1900s

I have already agreed to be there and that is the same as if I gave you my head and my heart… I won’t try to take back what I have said. I will do as I told you I would.

– WESTERN APACHE TRIBAL MEMBER

Honor the sacred. Honor the Earth- our Mother. Honor the Elders. Honor all with whom we share the Earth: Four-legged, two-legged, winged ones, swimmers, crawlers, plant and rock people. Walk in balance and beauty.

– ANONYMOUS NATIVE AMERICAN ELDER

Among the Indians there have been no written laws. Customs handed down from generation to generation have been the only laws to guide them. Every one might act different from what was  considered right,did he choose to do so, but such acts would bring upon him the censure of the Nation… This fear of the Nation’s censure acted as a mighty band, binding all in one social, honorable compact.

– GEORGE  COPWAY, OJIBWAY CHIEF, 1818-1863

Why do you take by force what you could obtain by love?

– WAHUNSONACOCK (POWHATAN), POWHATAN, 1547-1622

Let us put our minds together and see what life will make for our children.

– HUNKESNI (SITTING BULL), HUNKPAPA SIOUX, 1831-1890

I hope the Great Heavenly Father, who will look down upon us, will give all the tribes His blessing, that we may go forth in peace and live in peace all our days, and that he will look down upon our children and finally lift us far above this earth; and that our Heavenly Father will look upon our children as His children. And as we shake hands today upon this broad plain, we may forever live in peace.

-RED CLOUD (MAKHPIYA-LUTA), OGLALA SIOUX CHIEF, LATE 19TH CENTURY

I cannot think that we are useless of God would not have created us.

– GOYATHLAY (GERONIMO), APACHE MEDICINE MAN AND WAR CHIEF, 1829-1909

We will bury the tomahawk in the earth.

– SAUK ADAGE MEANT AS A PLEDGE OF PEACE

We preferred hunting to a life of idleness on our reservation. At times we did not get enough to eat and we were not allowed to hunt. All we wanted was peace and to be let alone… I was not allowed to remain quiet. I was tired of fighting… I have spoken.

– CRAZY HORSE, OGLALA SIOUX, ON HIS DEATHBED, 1877

I will follow the white man’s trail. I will take him as my friend, but I will not bend my back to his burdens. I will be cunning as a coyote. I will ask him to understand his ways, then I will prepare the way for my children, and their children. The Great Spirit has shown me – a day will come when they will outrun the white man in his own shoes.

– MANY HORSES

O Great Spirit whose voice I hear in the winds, I come to you as one of your many children. I need your strength and your wisdom. Make me strong not to be superior to my brother, but to be able to fight my greatest enemy: Myself.

– CHIEF DAN GEORGE, COAST SALISH, 1899-1981

The idea of full dress in preparation for a battle comes not from a belief that it will add to the fighting ability. The preparation is for death in case that should be the result of the conflict. Every Indian wants to look his best when he goes to meet the Great Spirit so the dressing up is done whether in imminent danger in an oncoming battle or a sickness or injury at times of peace.

– WOODEN LEG, CHEYENNE WARRIOR AND TRIBAL JUDGE, 1858-1940

There is a dignity about the social intercourse of old Indians which reminds me of a stroll through a winter forest.

– FREDERICK REMINGTON, NON-NATIVE ARTIST AND SCULPTOR, 1861-1909

A people without a history are like wind on the buffalo grass.

– TETON SIOUX PROVERB

The Great Spirit… made it to always change… sunlight to play… night to sleep… everything good.

– FLYING HAWK, OGALALA CLAN, 19TH CENTURY

I’m working for the Creation. I refuse to take part in its destruction.

– LEON SHANANDOAH, IROQUOIS

Children were encouraged to develop strict discipline and a high regard for sharing. When a girl picked her first berries and dug her first roots, they were given away to an elder so she would share her future success. When a child carried water for the home, an elder would give compliments, pretending to taste meat in water carried by a boy or berries in that of a girl. The child was encouraged not to be lazy and to grow straight like a sapling.

– MOURNING DOVE (CHRISTINE QUINTASKET), SALISH, 1888-1936

All things in the world are two. In our minds we are two, good and evil. With our eyes we see two things, things that are fair and things that are ugly… We have the right hand that strikes and makes for evil, we have the left hand full of kindness, near the heart. One foot may lead us to an evil way, the other foot may leed us to a good. So all things two, all two.

– LETAKOTS-LESA (GRAY EAGLE CHIEF), PAWNEE, 19TH CENTURY

I was born in Nature’s wide domain! The trees were all that sheltered my infant limbs, the blue heavens all that covered me. I am one of Nature’s children. I have always admired her.

– GEORGE COPWAY, OJIBWAY CHIEF, 1818-1863

There is no quiet place in the white man’s cities, no place to hear the leaves of spring or the rustle of insect wings… the clatter only seems to insult the ears.

– CHIEF SEATTLE (SEATHL), DUWAMISH-SUQUAMISH, 1785-1866

Mother Nature is not for us… she is part of us and we, like everything else that lives and breathes upon her, are her children. Your own direct connection with Mother Earth is to be encouraged daily. Paint her portraits, swim in her waters, tend to her flowers, stroll through her glorious forests, and care for her many children: all plants, people and, animals.

We must live according to her principles and choose not to pollute her body. The alternative is death to our mother – and death to her children.

The Great Spirit is our father, but the Earth is our mother. She nourishes us; that which we put into the ground she returns to us, and healing plants she gives us likewise. If we are wounded, we go to our mother and seek to lay the wounded part against her, to be healed.

– BEDAGI (BID THUNDER), WABANAKÍ ALGONQUIN, 1900s

The earth is the mother of all people, and all people should have equal rights upon it.

– CHIEF JOSEPH (HIN-MAH-TOO-YAH-LAT-KEKT) NEZ PERCE, 1840-1904

Lose your temper and you lose a friend; lie and you lose yourself.

– HOPI ADAGE

Will we let ourselves be destroyed in our turn without a struggle, give up our homes, our country bequeathed to us by the Great Spirit, the graves of our dead and everything that is dear and sacred to us? I know you will cry with me, ”Never! Never!!”

– TECUMSEH, SHAWNEE, 1768-1813

All things are the works of the Great Spirit. We should know that He is within all things: the trees, the grasses, the rivers, the mountains, and all the four-legged animals, and the winged peoples; and even more important, we should understand that He is also above all these things and peoples.

– BLACK ELK, OGLALA SIOUX, 1863-1950

There was never a better day to die.

– RED HORSE, LAKOTA, 1876

What is gained from our inner nature is exact knowledge, which gives us a far-reaching outlook over the earth.  The many powers of inner nature are hidden in everyone, and these are identified with Wakan-Tanka.

– BLUE THUNDER, TETON SIOUX

Then I was standing on the highest mountain of them all and round about beneath me was the whole hoop of the world. And while I stood there I saw more than I can tell and I understood more than I saw; for I was seeing in a sacred manner the shapes of all things in the spirit, and the shape of all shapes as they must live together like one being… And I say the sacred hoop of my people was one of the many hoops that made one circle, wide as daylight and as starlight, and in the center grew one mighty flowering tree to shelter all the children of one mother and one father. And I saw that it was holy…

But anywhere is the center of the world.

– BLACK ELK, OGLALA SIOUX, 1863-1950

I am not a child. I can think for myself. No man can think for me.

– CHIEF JOSEPH (HIN-MAH-TOO-YAH-LAT-KEKT), NEZ PERCE, 1840-1904

Yigaquu osaniyu adanvto adadoligi nigohilvi nasquv utloyasdi nihi (May the Great Spirit’s Blessing Always Be with You).

– CHEROKEE ADAGE

To clothe a man falsely is only to distress his spirit…

– LUTHER STANDING BEAR, OGLALA SIOUX, 1868-1937

The reason Wakan Tanka does not make two birds… or two human beings exactly alike is because each is placed here… to be an independent individual to rely on himself.

– OKUTE, 19TH CENTURY

Teach your children that the ground beneath their feet is the ashes of our grandfathers. So that they will respect the land, tell your children that the earth is rich with the lives of our kin. Teach your children what we have taught our children – that the earth is our mother. Whatever befalls the earth, befalls the son of the earth… This we know: all things are connected like the blood which unites one family.

– CHIEF SEATTLE (SEATHL), DUWAMISH-SUQUAMISH, 1785-1866

You must stop your ears whenever you are asked to sign a treaty selling your home… This country holds your father’s body. Never sell the bones of your father and your mother.

– OLD CHIEF JOSEPH (TU-EKA-KAS), NEZ PERCE

Great Spirit, you lived first, and you are older than all need.

– BLACK ELK, OGLALA SIOUX, 1863-1950

”Their wishes are our wishes and what we got I hope they will get.”

– RUNNING ANTELOPE, SIOUX, SPEAKING OF FRIENDS AND FAMILY

The Circle has healing power. In the Circle we are all equal. When in the Circle, no one is in front of you. No one is behind you. No on is above you. No one is below you. The Sacred Circle is designed to create unity. The Hoop of Life is also a circle. On this hoop there is a place for every species, every race, every tree, and every plant. It is this completeness of Life that must be respected in order to bring about health on this planet. To understand each other, as the ripples when a stone is tossed into the waters, the Circle starts small and grows… until it fills the whole lake.

– DAVE CHIEF, OGLALA LAKOTA, GRANDSON OF RED DOG/CRAZY HORSE’S BAND

The ground on which we stand is sacred ground. It is the blood of our ancestors.

– CHIEF PLENTY COUPS, CROW, 1848-1932

Let the young men of this nation remember that idleness leads to poverty. Industry is honorable and leads to contentment.

– CHIEF JOHN ROSS, CHEROKEE, 1790-1866

Out of the Indian approach to life there came a great freedom, an intense and absorbing respect for life, enriching faith in a Supreme Power, and principles of truth, honesty, generosity and brotherhood as a guide to mundane relations.

– LUTHER STANDING BEAR, OGLALA SIOUX, 1868-1937

Some of our chiefs make the claim that the land belongs to us. It is not what the Great Spirit told me. He told me that the lands belong to Him, that no people owns the land; that I was not to forget to tell this to the white people when I met them in council.

– KANAKUK, KICKAPOO, ADRESSING GENERAL WILLIAM CLARK, 1827

The Kiowa braves have grown up from childhood, obtaining their medicine from the earth.

– SATANTA (WHITE BEAR) KIOWA, 1830-1878

If I have these and kept back the best no one would believe I was in earnest. I must give something that I really value to show that my whole being goes with the lesser gifts; therefore I promise to give my body.

– CHASED-BY-BEARS, SANTEE-YANKTONAI SIOUX, 1843-1915

Do right always. It will give you satisfaction in life.

– WOVOKA (JACK WILSON), PAIUTE SPIRITUAL LEADER, 1889

O ye people, be ye healed; Life anew I bring unto ye. O ye people , be ye healed; Life anew I bring unto ye. Through the Father and all Do I thus. Life anew I bring unto ye.

– GOOD EAGLE (WANBLI-WASTE), DAKOTA SIOUX, LATE 19’TH CENTURY

Whatever the gains, whatever the loss, they are yours.

– FIVE WOUNDS, NEZ PERCE

We do not want riches. We want peace and love.

– RED CLOUD(MAKHIPIYA-LUTA), OGLALA SIOUX, 1870

The old Lakota was wise. He knew that man’s heart away from nature becomes hard.

– LUTHER STANDING BEAR, OGLALA SIOUX, 1868-1937

We are contented to let things remain as the Great Spirit made them.

– CHIEF JOSEPH, (HIN-MAH-TOO-YAH-LAT-KEKT), NEZ PERCE, 1840-1904

Make everything straight and strong.

– DRAGGING CANOE, CHICKAMAUGA TSALAGI

Do not allow others to make your path for you. It is your road and yours alone. Others may walk it with you, but no one can walk it for you. Accept yourself and your actions. Own your thoughts. Speak up when wrong, and apologize. Know your path at all times. To do this you must know yourself inside and out, accept your gifts as well as your shortcomings, and grow each day with honesty, integrity, compassion, faith, and brotherhood.

I have made myself what I am.

– TECUMSEH, SHAWNEE, 1768-1813

Sometimes dreams are wiser than waking.

– BLACK ELK, OGLALA SIOUX, 1863-1950

When the Earth is sick, the animals will begin to disappear, when that happens, The Warriors of the Rainbow will come to save them.

– CHIEF SEATTLE (SEATHL), DUWAMISH-SUQUAMISH, 1785-1866

Let us look forward to the pleasing landscape of the future.

– CHIEF JOHN ROSS, CHEROKEE, 1790-1866

The path of glory is rough and many gloomy hours obscure it. May the Great Spirit shed light on yours.

– BLACK HAWK, SAUK, 1767-1838

Our land is everything to us…

I will tell you one of the things we remember on our land. We remember that our grandfathers paid for it – with their lives.

– WOODEN LEG, CHEYENNE WARRIOR AND TRIBAL JUDGE, 1858-1940

My friend, I am going to tell you the story of my life, as you wish; and if it were only the story of my life I think I would not tell it; for what is one man that he should make much of his winters, even when they bend him like a heavy snow? So many other men have lived and shall live that story, to be grass upon the hills.

– BLACK ELK, OGLALA SIOUX, 1863-1950

There is one God looking down on us all. We are all children of one God. God is listening to me. The sun, the darkness, the winds, are all listening to what we now say.

– GOYATHLAY (GERONIMO), APACHE MEDICINE MAN WAR CHIEF, 1829-1909

The soil you see is not ordinary soil- it is dust of the blood, the flesh, and bones of our ancestors… You will have to dig through the surface before you can find nature’s earth, as the upper portion is Crow. The land, as it is, is my  blood and my dead; it is consecrated.

– RENO CROW, LATE 19TH CENTURY

We do not walk alone. Great Being walks beside us. Know this and be grateful.

– POLINGAYSI QOYAWAYMA, HOPI, BORN 1892

Civilized people depend too much on man-made printed pages. I turn to the Great Spirit’s book which is the whole of his creation.

– TATANGA MANI, 1871-1967

I never want to leave this country; all my relatives are lying here in the ground, and when I fall to pieces I am going to fall to pieces here.

– WOLF NECKLACE, PALOUSE

As a child I understood how to give; I have forgotten this grace since I became civilized.

– OHIYESA (CHARLES EASTMAN), SANTEE SIOUX, 1858-1939

To fight is to forget ourselves as Indians in the world.

– DR. CARLOS MONTEZUMA, YAVAPAI

Each man is good in His sight. It is not necessary for eagles to be crows.

– HUNKESNI (SITTING BULL), HUNKPAPA SIOUX, 1831-1890

”We may quarrel with men about things on Earth, but we never quarrel about the Great Spirit.”

– CHIEF JOSEPH (HIN-MAH-TOO-YAH-LAT-KEKT), NEZ PERCE, 1840-1904

I have noticed in my life that all men have a liking for some special animal, tree, plant, or spot of earth. If men would pay more attention for these preferences and seek what is best to do in order to make themselves worthy of that toward which they are so attracted, they might have dreams which would purify their lives. Let a man decide upon his favorite animal and make a study of it, learning its innocent ways. Let him learn to understand its sounds and motions. The animals want to communicate with man, but Wakan Tanka does not intend they shall do so directly – man must do the greater part in securing an understanding.

– BRAVE BUFFALO, TETON SIOUX, LATE 19TH CENTURY

When we lift our hands we signify our dependence on the Great Spirit

– BLACK FOOT, MOUNTAIN CROW LEADER

When we Indians kill meat, we eat it all up. When we dig roots, we make little holes. When we build houses, we make little holes. When we burn grass for grasshoppers, we don’t ruin things. We shake down acorns and pine nuts. We don’t chop down the trees. We only use dead wood. But the White people plow up the ground, pull down the trees, kill everything… the White people pay no attention… How can the spirit of the earth like the White man? …everywhere the White man has touched it, it is sore.

– WINTU WOMAN, 19TH CENTURY

I have always taught you that a lier is not worthy of being considered a man…

– STUNG ARM

I am poor and naked but I am the chief of a nation. We do not want riches but we do want to train our children right. Riches would do us no good. We could not take them with us to the other world. We do not want riches. We want peace and love.

– RED CLOUD (MAKHPIYA-LUTA), OGLALA SIOUX CHIEF, 1822-1909

O Great Spirit, help me never judge another until I have walked two weeks in his moccasins.

– EDWIN LAUGHING FOX

The Kiowa braves have grown up from childhood, obtaining their medicine from the earth.

– SATANK, KIOWA, c. 1810-1871

Our bare feet are conscious of the sympathetic touch of our ancestors as we walk over this Earth.

– CHIEF SEATTLE (SEATHL), DUWAMISH-SUQUAMISH, 1785-1866

We do not take up the warpath without a just cause and honest purpose.

– PUSHMATAHA, CHOCTAW TRIBAL LEADER, 1764-1824

Misfortunes do not flourish particularly in our path. They grow everywhere.

– BLACK ELK, OGLALA SIOUX, 1863-1950

While living I want to live well. I know I have to die sometime, but even if the heavens were to fall on me, I want to do what is right. I think I am a good man… There is one God looking down on us all. We are all children of the one God. God is listening to me. The sun, the darkness, the winds, are all listening to what we now say.

GOYATHLAY (GERONIMO), APACHE MEDICINE MAN AND WAR CHIEF, TO GENERAL GEORGE CROOK DURING A PEACE CONFERENCE, MARCH 25, 1886

Neither anger nor fear shall find lodging in your mind.

DEKANAWIDAH, IROQUOIS, c. 1300

If we could have spared more, we would have given more…

CANASSATEGO, ONONDAGA

The Great Spirit will not punish us for, what we do not know.

– RED JACKET (SAGOYEWATHA), SENECA, c. 1752-1830

To the Indian, words that are true sink deep into his heart where they remain, he never forgets them.

– FOUR GUNS

Why don’t you talk and go straight and all will be well?!

– BLACK KETTLE, SOUTHERN CHEYENNE CHIEF

Your feet shall be as swift as forked  lightning, your arm shall be as the thunderball, and your soul fearless.

– METHOATASKE

My heart is filled with joy, when I see you here, as brook fills with water when the show melt in the spring, and I feel glad, as the ponies are when the fresh grass starts in the beginning of the year.

– TEN BEARS, YAMPARIKA COMANCHE

Even as you desire good treatment, so render it.

– HANDSOME LAKE, SENECA, c. 1735-1815

Naturally the Indian has many noble qualities. He is the very emblodiment of courage. Indeed, at time he seems insensible to fear. If he is cruel and revengegul, it is because he is outlawed and his companion is the wild beast.

– N.G. TAYLOR, U.S. COMMISSIONER, 1868

You must speak straight to that your words may go as sunlight to our hearts.

– COCHISE, CHIRICAHUA APACHE TRIBAL LEADER, 1812-1874

That hand is not the color of your hand, but if I pierce it I shall feel pain. The blood that will follow from mine will be the same color as yours. The Great Spirit made us both.

– LUTHER STANDING BEAR, OGLALA SIOUX, 1868-1937

My forefathers were warriors. Their son is a warrior. From them I take my existence, from my tribe I take nothing. I am the maker of my own fortune.

– TECUMSEH, SHAWNEE, 1768-1813

Men must be born and reborn to belong.

– LUTHER STANDING BEAR, OGLALA SIOUX, 1868-1937

My words make haste to reach your ears, harken to them.

– GARANGULA, ONONDAGA, 1684

There is no death. Only a change of worlds.

– CHIEF SEATTLE (SEATHL), DUWAMISH-SUQUAMISH, 1785-1866

Stand fast and remain united and all will soon be well.

– CHIEF JOHN ROSS, CHEROKEE, 1790-1866

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